The program requires 137 units, consisting of 42 units of business administration courses, 27 units of economics, and 21 units of integrating courses of business administration, economics and management economics. The program requires 36 units of General Education courses and 11 units of other required courses.

  • GENERAL EDUCATION – 36 units
    Arts 1, Comm 10, Wika 1, AH Elective, Ethics 1, SAS 1, Hist I/Kas 1, SSP Elective, Science 10, Science 11, STS 1, NSM Elective
    Accounting 1, BA 101, 105, 115, 141, 142, 151, 152, 161, 162, 170, 180.1; Any 2 BA electives from BA 107, 145, 172, 173,181, 192, 198
  • ECONOMICS – 27 units
    Econ 101, 102, 106, 121, 131, 141; Any 2 Econ electives from Econ 151, 171, 181, 191, 194, 198
    BA 190, 199
    Econ 161
    Mgt Econ 143, 199.1, 199.2, 200
    Math 100, Soc Sci 101, P.I. 100
  • TOTAL – 137 units


The University of the Philippines General Education (GE) Program is a basic general education or liberal arts program which makes up the first two years of a baccalaureate curriculum. In general, it aims to provide students grounding in the arts and sciences. Liberal arts education makes UP student a well-rounded person, ready for lifelong learning skills.

The objectives of the GE program are to: broaden intellectual and cultural horizons; hone critical and creative thinking; develop a passion for learning and scholarship; cultivate a high sense of intellectual and moral integrity; and, foster commitment to nationalism and social justice. The methods shall be learning-centered, making appropriate use of learning resources and technologies to develop critical, creative and reflective thinking skills; and adopt an interdisciplinary pedagogy. The UP GE program hopes to achieve the following competencies: oral and written communication skills; independent and critical thinking; and, creative thinking. The UP GE courses fall under three domains: Arts and Humanities (AH); Social Sciences and Philosophy (SSP); and, Natural Science and Mathematics (NSM).

  • Arts and Humanities Domain
    Core Courses (9 Units Required)
  • Arts 1 Critical Perspectives in the Arts. A critical study of the experience, language, and the context of art. 3u.
  • Communication 10 Critical Perspectives in Communication. Theories and frameworks of communication in various contexts. 3u.
  • Wika 1 Wika, Kultura at Lipunan. Pagsusuri sa ugnayan ng wika, kultura at lipunan. 3u.
    Elective Courses (3 Units Required)
  • PhilArts 1 Philippine Arts and Culture. Approaches to Philippine Arts and Culture. 3u.
  • Media Studies 11 Reading Media. Critical approaches to the mass media; the ideological, political, economic, and cultural aspects of the media; strategies in reading media as texts. 3u.
  • Social Sciences and Philosophy Domain
    Core Courses (9 Units Required)
  • Ethics 1 Ethics and Moral Reasoning in Everyday Life. The nature and development, sources and frameworks of ethics and moral reasoning and their application to various issues and contexts. 3u.
  • SAS 1 Self and Society. Understanding the self by examining the interaction of biological, psychological and socio-cultural dimensions and appreciating human agency and the emergence of the self in different social contexts. 3u.
    (Students to choose either Kas 1 or History I)
  • Kas 1 Kasaysayan ng Pilipinas. Ang pampulitika, pang-ekonomya, panlipunan, at pangkalinangang pagsulong ng Pilipinas. 3u.
  • History I Philippine History. The political, economic, social & cultural development of the Philippines. 3u.
    Elective Courses (3 Units Required)
  • History 3 History of Philippine Ethnic Minorities. An introduction to the history, society and institutions of Philippine Ethnic Minorities. 3u.
  • Philosophy 27 Philosophizing on Being Human. Various philosophical notions and interpretations of human identity and the human condition. (Preferred year level: 2nd year and above). 3u.
  • Social Science 30 Notions of Justice. Various notions of justice, its elements, applications and critique. (Preferred year level: 2nd year and above). 3u.
  • Natural Sciences and Mathematics Domain
    Core Courses (9 Units Required)
  • Science 10 Probing the Physical World. Understanding the origin of the universe, synthesis of the elements, formation of the earth and the various critical issues affecting our world view and our planet through the methods and interconnected concepts of the physical sciences. 3u.
  • Science 11 Living Systems: Concepts and Dynamics. Principles, interactions, and contemporary issues concerning living systems. 3u.
  • STS 1 Science, Technology and Society. Analyses of the past, present and future of science and technology in society (including their nature, scope, role and function) and the social, cultural, political, economic and environmental factors affecting the development of science and technology, with emphasis on the Philippine setting. 3u.
    Elective Courses (3 units required)
  • Math 10 Mathematics, Culture and Society. Appreciation of the beauty and power of mathematics through the examination of its nature, development, utility, and relationship with culture and society. 3u.

Required Business Administration Courses (36 units)

  • Accounting 1 Introduction to Financial Accounting. Accounting concepts & principles applied to service, merchandising & manufacturing operations; partnerships & corporations; the analysis, interpretation & uses of accounting data for management. Prereq: SYS. 3u.
  • BA 101 Introduction to Business Management. Principles & practices in business management; an overview of the functional areas of business; an introduction to case-problem solving. Prereq: JS; JS, COI (for non-BSME students). 3u.
  • BA 105 Operations Management. Introduction to the strategic & tactical decisions in manufacturing & service operations. Prereq: BA 101. 3u.
  • BA 115 Management Accounting. Uses of accounting information for managerial planning & control. Prereq: Accounting 1. 3u.
  • BA 141 Business Finance I. Introduction to principles governing financial management of business enterprises with emphasis on short-range planning & management of working capital. Prereq: Accounting 1. 3u.
  • BA 142 Business Finance II. Long-range planning & management of the long-term financial position of a business organization; recapitalization & liquidation. Prereq: BA 115. 3u.
  • BA 151 Human Behavior in Organizations. The concepts & principles of behavior in business organizations. Prereq: JS; JS, COI (for non-BSME students). 3u.
  • BA 152 Human Resources Management. Basic principles & frameworks in the management of acquisition, development & movement of human resources in organizations. Prereq: BA 101, 151. 3u.
  • BA 161 Law on Business Transactions. The Constitution, Obligations & Contracts, sales, quasidelicts, damages, lease, all special laws including presidential decrees & administrative regulations pertinent thereto. 3u.
  • BA 162 Law on Business Organizations. Agency, single proprietorships, partnerships, corporations, conglomerates, joint ventures, multinationals, securities act, insolvency law, civil code provisions on orders of preference and concurrence of credits, licensing of foreign corporations and cooperatives, and pertinent laws, rules and regulations administered by the Securities and Exchange Commission, Board of Investment, Central Bank, Board of Domestic Trade and other government agencies. Prereq: BA 161/ COI. 3u.
  • BA 170 Marketing Management. Principles, practices & development of integrated marketing programs. Prereq: BA 101. 3u.
  • BA 180.1 Information Technology in Business I. Information & communication technology concepts & tools; business process applications of software packages. Prereq: SYS. 3h (2 lec, 1 lab). 3u.
    Business Administration Electives (any two of the following to total 6 units)
  • BA 107 Management of Technology. Effective management of technological advances especially planning & control for the benefit of the firm & society. Prereq: BA 105. 3u.
  • BA 145 Investments. Principles & practice with special emphasis on the evaluation of project studies, security analysis & the establishment of standards for the selection of industry, issue & security. Prereq: Econ 121, SS. 3u.
  • BA 172 Marketing Communication. Planning, managing & evaluating the communication mix- advertising, sales promotion, packaging, public relations & personal selling. Prereq: BA 170. 3u.
  • BA 173 Consumer Behavior. Psychological, economic, anthropological and sociological perspectives in understanding the consumer and in designing marketing programs. Prereq: BA 170. 3u.
  • BA 181 Management Science I. Analysis and solution of management problems; deterministic models such as linear and integer programming, transportation, assignment, inventory management, and project management models. Prereq: Math 100, Soc Sci 101. 3u.
  • BA 192 Entrepreneurship. Principles, problems, & practical aspects of entrepreneurship & intrapreneurship; innovation & new business formations in start-up or corporate settings. Prereq: JS. 3u.
  • BA 198 Special Topics in Business Administration. Special topics in the field of business administration. 1-3u., may be taken for credit more than once.

Required Economics Courses (21 units)

  • Econ 101 Macroeconomics. National income accounting; consumption & investment decisions; income and employment determination; monetary and fiscal policies; international policy; growth. 4u.
  • Econ 102 Microeconomics. Demand and supply; price determination in competitive markets; income distribution; general equilibrium and welfare. 4u.
  • Econ 106 Elements of Mathematical Economics. Mathematical approaches to elementary economic theory. Prereq: Econ 101, 102; Math 100. 3u.
  • Econ 121 Monetary Economics. Nature and role of money; banks and other financial intermediaries; central banking and banking regulations; open economy issues; efficient markets theory; development finance. Prereq: Econ 101, 102. 3u.
  • Econ 131 Introduction to Quantitative Economics. Representation of economic phenomena in terms of elementary mathematical and statistical models.
    Prereq: Econ 101, 102; Math 100; Soc Sci 101. 4 u.
  • Econ 141 International Economics. International trade and finance; commercial policy and the macroeconomics of an open economy. Prereq: Econ 101, 102. 3u.
    Economics Electives (any two of the following to total 6 units)
  • Econ 151 Public Economics. Market failure; collective choice; theory of government expenditures and taxation. Prereq: Econ 101, 102. 3u.
  • Econ 171 Economics of Agriculture. Agriculture in strategies for economic development; economics of rural institutions; analysis of agricultural policy. Prereq: Econ 101, 102. 3u.
  • Econ 181 Labor Economics. Determinants of wage levels and wage structure; employment; non-wage aspects of employment; aspects of human capital theory. Prereq: Econ 101, 102. 3u.
  • Econ 191 Development Economics. Theories and problems of economic development; survey of the development experience in low-income and high-income countries. Prereq: Econ 101, 102. 3u.
  • Econ 194 Economic Anthropology. Conceptual and empirical features of traditional economies, their place in the social system, and their responses to the spread of monetary and industrial economy from the perspective of economics. Prereq: Econ 101, 102. 3u.
  • Econ 198 Special Topics in Economics. Prereq: Econ 101, 102. 3u. May be taken twice provided the topics are not identical.


The integrating courses demonstrate the complementation of both management and economics in the analysis of many real-world situations that affect business. Global and local events have shown that business survival does not only depend on sound internal management but also on how business copes with economic forces. The ability to identify fundamental trends and critical factors in business in the context of rapid changes in national as well as global environments is a skill that the student of this program is expected to acquire.

  • BA 190 Strategic Management. An integrated approach to decision making viewed from a top management perspective; discussion of comprehensive problems of organization. Prereq: BA 105, 141, 170. 3u.
  • BA 199 Business Practice. Supervised field work or internship. Prereq: JS. 3u.
  • Econ 161 Industrial Organization. Firm and industry behavior under different market conditions; public policies toward business. Prereq: Econ 101, 102. 3u.
  • Mgt Econ 143 Managerial Economics. The application of fundamental economic tools of analysis in management. Prereq: BA 101, Econ 101, 102. 3u.
  • Mgt Econ 199.1 Methods for Management Economics Research I. Concepts, principles and processes of research as applied to management economics and formulation of research framework. Prereq: JS. 3u.
  • Mgt Econ 199.2 Methods for Management Economics Research II. Formulation of research design and application of select methods in management economics research. Prereq: SS. 3u.
  • Mgt Econ 200 Thesis. Prereq: Mgt Econ 199.2, SS. 3u.


  • Math 100 Introduction to Calculus. Limits; derivatives; integrals; applications. Prereq: Math 17/COI. 4u.
  • Social Science 101 Fundamental Statistics for the Social Sciences. Basic statistical concepts & tools for social science measurements. 4u.
  • Philippine Institutions 100 The Life & Works of Rizal. The significance of the life & writings of Rizal in the life of the Filipino people. Prereq: JS. 3u.


PE Requirements

Basic Physical Education is a prerequisite for graduation. All students should comply with this requirement during their freshman and sophomore years.

Eight units of PE are required of all undergraduates, except for the following:

  1. Students who hold the Associate in Arts or Bachelor’s degree;
  2. Those who are 30 years old or more;
  3. Veterans of the armed forces, navy or air force;
  4. Those who have served on a full-time basis for at least 2 years in the armed forces, navy, or air force.

The required PE courses are PE 1 and any three courses classified as PE 2, 3, or 4, provided the PE 2 or 3 courses are for different activities.

PE 1 Foundation of Physical Fitness
PE 2 Physical education activities (beginners)
PE 3 Physical education activities (advanced)
PE 4 Physical education exclusively for varsity athletes

Physical Education Proficiency Examination

The Human Kinetics Program administers the Physical Education Proficiency Examination (PEPE) to enable students who are able to demonstrate knowledge and skills for a particular activity and earn advanced credits by undergoing an examination. The PEPE consists of a physical (skills test) and mental (written) test about a specific sport or dance course. It is administered by a faculty or group of faculty whose field of specialization includes the said course. Students must pass both the skills and written components of the PEPE. Successful examinees earn a credit of (2) units equivalent to one P.E. 2 course.

PEPE is also for the benefit of entering freshmen who had good/ excellent PE programs in high school. It is a way of decreasing the number of students wanting to get into a PE class to free more slots for enlistment by those who really want to learn a new physical activity. The PEPE may also be taken by graduating students who need to complete their PE requirements without having to go to class the whole semester.

There are two kinds of PEPE- the regular PEPE for non-graduating students and the special PEPE. In the regular PEPE, once a student passes the exam, the PE course will be credited during the following semester.

The special PEPE, on the other hand, is taken only by graduating students and their PE subject is therefore credited during the semester. Courses for which a PEPE is done are given a mark of “Pass” grade. Failure to successfully accomplish the PEPE will not be indicated in the student’s transcript of record.

NSTP Guidelines

The National Service Training Program (NSTP) was created by virtue of RA 9163 which was passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate on December 19, 2001 and the implementation commenced in the school year of 2002-2003. It is a “program aimed at enhancing civic consciousness and defense preparedness in the youth by developing the ethics of services and patriotism while undergoing training in any of its three (3) program components. Its various components are especially designed to enhance the youth’s active contribution to the general welfare.”

The NSTP of UP Baguio aims to achieve the following goals:

  • For students to develop an appreciation for their ability to become agents of change;
  • For the students to be able to develop the knowledge, skills, and attitudes about the Cordillera as (a) major watershed cradle for NL; (b) home to diverse indigenous communities; and (c) a national resource base, facing various threats and challenges;
  • For the NSTP Program to be a vehicle for UPB to respond to community-defined problems that match UP Baguio’s expertise towards long-term impact in communities that UP Baguio serves; and
  • For NSTP to complement the existing advocacies of UP Baguio.

These goals are consistent with the spirit of the NSTP Law, the mandate of the University of the Philippines as a Service University, and the institutional goals of UP Baguio as a constituent unit of UP in northern Luzon. (NSTP Revisioning Workshop 2014)

National Service Training Program (NSTP) is part of the curricula of all baccalaureate degrees and is a requisite for graduation. All students, male and female are required to complete one (1) of the NSTP components as requisite for graduation. UPB students can choose from among the following three components:

  • “Literacy Training Service” is a program designed to train students to become teachers of literacy and numeracy skills to school children, out of school youth, and other segments of society in need of their service.
  • “Civic Welfare Training Service” refers to program or activities contributory to the general welfare and the betterment of life for the members of the community or the enhancement of its facilities, especially those developed to improving health, education, environment, entrepreneurship, safety, recreation and morals of the citizenry.
  • “Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (ROTC) is a program designed to provide military training to tertiary level students in order to motivate, train, organize and mobilize them for national defense preparedness.

The NSTP syllabus is composed of common & specific modules. All students first take the common modules which cover about 25 hours of the first semester, after which they may choose from either of the three components: the LTS, CWTS or the ROTC which each have specific modules.

Each of the aforementioned NSTP program components shall be undertaken for an academic period of two (2) semesters. It shall be credited for three (3) units per semester, for fifty-four (54) to ninety (90) training hours per semester. In practice, all UPB students are encouraged to enroll & finish their NSTP requirements in their sophomore (2nd) year.

Earned NSTP units shall not be included in the computation of Grade Point Average (GPA) grades of college graduating students. Fees for the NSTP covers only basic tuition fees, which is not more than fifty percent (50%) of what is currently charged by school per unit. All enrolled NSTP students are covered by a group insurance for health and accident.

RA 9163 states that a National Service Reserve Corps is to be composed of the graduates of the non- ROTC components. Members of this Corps may be tapped by the State for literacy and civic welfare activities through the joint effort of the DND, CHED, and TESDA. Graduates of the ROTC shall form part of the Citizens Armed Forces, pursuant to Republic Act No. 7077